Why Smoking Is Bad For You

There is a lot of health information out there some of it confusing and some conflicting. These are the main reasons why smoking is bad for you.

Smoking can cause damage to every organ and is responsible for diseases affecting the heart, liver and lungs. It also contributes to a number of cancers, lung cancer being one of the most common. It elevates blood pressure and raises the risk of stroke.

An individual’s risk of contracting the disease is directly related to how long they have been smoking. The longer you smoke the higher the likelihood you contract one of the diseases listed. However, should you choose to quit the risks are drastically reduced and reduce further the longer you abstain.

impact of smoking

Cigarettes contain over 50 chemicals that cause cancer. One of which is nicotine, which is highly addictive and is the main ingredient that causes that needing feeling for more.

Cigarettes smoking is one of the world largest killers, with over half the people who smoke die from smoking-related issues.

It is estimated that smoking is the cause of approximately 5 million deaths per year. Studies have shown that it can take between 10 – 15 years off a smoker’s lifespan. Smokers are 3 times more likely to die between the age of 60 to 70.

Skin

Smoking limits the amount of oxygen that reaches the blood supply this also includes the skin. This has the effect of speeding up the process of ageing. A smoker’s skin ages faster as a result. Wrinkling around the eyes and mouth are typical.

Immune system

The immune system protects us from infections. Smoking can lead to autoimmune issues such as Crohn’s, smokers also have a higher risk of diabetes.

Lungs and heart

lung and heart xray

Some of the other diseases are chronic bronchitis, asthma and pneumonia.

Smoking raises blood pressure and speeds up the heart rate. The heart rate elevates as much as 30% within 10 minutes of smoking.

Carbon monoxide also reduces the amount of oxygen the heart gets. Nicotine harms the inside of the small vessels in the heart and this makes clotting and blood clots much more likely. This can then lead to heart attack or stroke.

Smoking also leads to the narrowing of blood vessels and blockages, leading to a higher risk of heart attack or stroke.

Cancer

Lung cancer is the largest cause of cancer death, cigarettes have more then 7000 chemicals many of those contribute to or are known to cause cancer.

Other cancers include – mouth, throat, stomach, colon and pancreas.

Mouth

Smoking causes bad breath, yellow stained teeth and can lead to potentially tooth loss. Damage to the nerves that are responsible for taste and gum disease.

Reproductive

A woman trying to get pregnant can find it harder to get pregnant.  A woman, who smokes whilst pregnant can be putting her unborn child at risk in a number of different ways, some of the risks include premature birth, low birth weight and miscarriage.

Bones

Smoking can cause osteoporosis which is weakening and decreasing of bone density.


Additional reading

https://www.nhs.uk/smokefree/why-quit/smoking-health-problems

https://www.brunet.ca/en/advices/the-harmful-effects-of-smoking-on-health-and-well-being.html

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